Pope Francis and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu traded words on Monday over the language spoken by Jesus two millennia ago, Reuters reported.
“Jesus was here, in this land. He spoke Hebrew,” Netanyahu was quoted as telling Francis at a public meeting in Jerusalem in which the Israeli leader cited a strong connection between Judaism and Christianity.
“Aramaic,” the pope interjected.
“He spoke Aramaic, but he knew Hebrew,” Netanyahu is said to have shot back.
Like many things in the Middle East, where the pope is on the last leg of a three-day visit, modern-day discourse about Jesus is complicated and often political.
Israeli linguistics professor Ghil’ad Zuckermann told Reuters that both Netanyahu, son of a distinguished Jewish historian, and the pope, the spiritual leader of the world’s 1.2 billion Catholics, had a point.
“Jesus was a native Aramaic speaker,” he said about the largely defunct Semitic language closely related to Hebrew. “But he would have also known Hebrew because there were extant religious writings in Hebrew.”
Zuckermann said that during Jesus’ time, Hebrew was spoken by the lower classes – “the kind of people he ministered to”.
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