Date
21 September 2017
The Chinese dama (left) are known to be avid bargain-hunters. Photo: Xinhua ; "Nu hanzi" refers to tough girl or cowgirl. Photo: Shanghai Daily
The Chinese dama (left) are known to be avid bargain-hunters. Photo: Xinhua ; "Nu hanzi" refers to tough girl or cowgirl. Photo: Shanghai Daily

‘Dama’, ‘Nu hanzi’ among China’s top 10 new words of 2013

China’s State Language Commission and the nation’s Ministry of Education have on Thursday announced the top ten Chinese words of 2013, with terms such as “H7N9″, “Free Trade Zone” and “Chinese dama” (a group of Chinese middle-aged rich women) elected the most popular new words.

Other Chinese words that were selected included “tuhao” (the uncouth rich), “nu hanzi” (tough girl), “PRISM” (a mass electronic surveillance data mining program launched in 2007 by the US National Security Agency), People’s Daily reported Friday.

There were also words related to government policies, including “dan du er tai” (China’s new policy of allowing a second child if either parent is an only child), “ba xiang gui ding” (the central government’s eight rules as part of an austerity drive).

Meanwhile, words related to people’s daily lives like “shi mian mai fu” (very low visibility due to smog in major mainland cities) and “guang pan xing dong” (a slogan calling for all food to be consumed and not wasted) are also included.

The top ten new words were selected from 364 words that are most representative of the year 2013, State Language Commission officials said.

The commission also said a new wave of colorful, entertaining and sometimes sarcastic web language has emerged as a result of the increasing popularity of online media.

Meanwhile, Chinese-related borrowings included in the Oxford English Dictionary are said to have risen to 245, a sign of China’s growing cultural influence on the outside world.

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