We know the five senses well. But beyond the big five – touch, smell, taste, hearing, and vision – there are many sensory preceptors in our bodies that perform vital roles from controlling balance to telling us that our stomachs are empty, according to Yahoo Health.
Here are five more senses to know about.
1) Equilibrioception. This is your sense of balance that helps you stand and walk without falling. It is regulated by fluid in the inner ear. It works with your sense of vision to help you move around safely.
2) Proprioception. This one is the ability to know where your body parts are without looking. So if you close your eyes and raise your hand, you know where your hand is even without looking.
3) Thermoception. If you sit by a campfire, you feel the heat. Grab ice out of the freezer and you feel how cold it is. Thermoceptors in your skin are what sense those changes in temperature.
4) Nociception. This is your ability to sense pain. “Nociception and thermoception are usually lumped together because, to some extent, they use the same nerve cells in the skin,” said Paul Fuchs, co-director of the Center for Sensory Biology at Johns Hopkins University. You have nociceptors in your skin, bones and joints, and internal organs.
5) Interoception: This is an umbrella term for senses that govern our internal organs. These receptors perform a wide range of involuntary tasks, such as triggering a cough, controlling respiratory rate, and telling you when you are hungry or thirsty. “Your body is full of internal receptors that trigger subconscious or reflexive reactions important for your health and well-being,” according to Fuchs.
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