The Communist Party of China (CPC) has set a new blueprint for rule of law after a plenary meeting this week, promising sweeping judicial reforms while cementing the overarching role of the Constitution in the country’s legal system, am730 reported Friday.
According to a communiqué issued after the Fourth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, which concluded on Thursday, the overall target is a system serving “the socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics”, the report said.
The communiqué promised legal reforms that are aimed at giving judges more independence and restricting local officials’ influence over courts and cases.
The country will develop a system in which officials will be given demerits or held accountable if they are found interfering in judicial cases.
To further boost judicial independence, it will promote reform that separates hearing power and execution power, while the Supreme People’s Court will set up circuit courts to facilitate the handling of judicial cases filed by the public from local communities.
Further, the country will consider establishing courts and procuratorates with jurisdictions spanning across different administrative regions.
Trial judges and procurators will assume lifelong accountability for their cases, and public participation will be ensured in judicial procedures, the report said.
The plenary meeting also saw the endorsement of the CPC’s prior decisions to revoke the Party membership of five high-ranking officials — Li Dongsheng, Jiang Jiemin, Wang Yongchun, Li Chuncheng and Wan Qingliang — and a People’s Liberation Army general, Yang Jinshan.
However, the case relating to former security tsar Zhou Yongkang was not mentioned.
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