More than 9 in 10 Hong Kong residents were found to be having less than enough intake of calcium in their daily diet, raising the risk of osteoporosis, a disease that causes bones to become weak and brittle.
Hongkongers’ average daily calcium intake is 430 milligrams, less than half of the level recommended by the World Health Organization, SkyPost reported Thursday, citing a study by the Hong Kong Center for Food Safety.
The WHO recommendation is 1,000 mg for people aged 20-59 years old and 1,300 for those aged 60-84.
Most of the working residents in the city usually eat out all day and seldom consume vegetables, the study said, and this could be partly blamed for their calcium deficiency.
Spending less time on sports and outdoor activities, drinking less milk and more coffee could also lead to calcium deficiency.
Dr. Samuel Yeung, principal medical officer (risk assessment and communication) at the food safety center, said the study shows that most Hong Kong residents are not having proper diet.
He said people start losing calcium after 30 years old, and this could lead to long-term calcium insufficiency and result in osteoporosis or bone fractures.
The study also found that Hongkongers have high sodium levels, indicating that they are consuming a lot of salty food items and ingredients, which could increase risks to high blood pressure and heart diseases, Yeung added.
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