Hong Kong trails other major Asian cities in a global survey of living conditions.
It came in 70th among 230 cities ranked by their standard of living by consulting firm Mercer.
The survey ranked them in 10 categories including political stability, economic environment, medical, education, transport, recreation, housing and natural environment.
Hong Kong placed behind Singapore, which was 26th globally, and five Japanese cities — Tokyo (44), Kobe (47), Yokohama (48), Osaka (58) and Nagoya (61).
Connie Leung, a consultant at Mercer, said air pollution and road traffic in Hong Kong’s main business district “continue to be a concern”.
However, Hong Kong topped other Chinese cities thanks to its efficient public services and reliable transport system.
“The wide variety of food, leisure and entertainment options, as well as a vast choice of high quality consumer goods, set Hong Kong apart,” Leung said.
Hong Kong also placed ahead of Seoul (72), Taipei (83), Taichung (99), Shanghai (101) and Beijing (118).
Vienna topped the rankings, which were dominated by European cities.
Zurich, Auckland and Munich rounded out top four.
Vancouver was fifth, the highest-ranking city in North America.
Mercer uses the survey to help multinational companies determine compensation for foreign-based employees.
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