27 October 2016
Li Ka-shing (left) took years to build his fortune while Jack Ma (center) and Pony Ma (right) made their billions only in the past decade. Photos: Bloomberg, internet
Li Ka-shing (left) took years to build his fortune while Jack Ma (center) and Pony Ma (right) made their billions only in the past decade. Photos: Bloomberg, internet

Chinese internet tycoons closing in on Li Ka-shing

Hong Kong’s Li Ka-shing may still lead the list of wealthiest men in China and Hong Kong but his traditional formula for success is rapidly losing ground to China’s fast-rising internet magnates.

The heads of China’s big three internet firms were all among the top 10 people on this year’s Forbes list of the wealthiest men in China and Hong Kong, spotlighting the huge role that the internet is playing in China’s economy.

Whereas Li took years to build his fortune, the founders of Alibaba (BABA.US), Tencent (00700.HK) and Baidu (BIDU.US) made their wealth much more quickly, mostly over the past decade.

Of course, the big question is whether people like Alibaba’s charismatic founder Jack Ma will be able to keep their places near the top of the China rich list, or whether their companies might stumble and lose some of their luster for investors.

I would be willing to guess that at least one of the big three will get tripped up over the next decade, although I’m not bold enough to predict which one of these giants might be first to fall.

Let’s look more closely at the latest Forbes list and try to figure out what it might say about the future of Alibaba’s Jack Ma, Tencent’s Pony Ma and Baidu’s Robin Li.

We should start with Hong Kong’s own richest man, Li Ka-shing, who tops this year’s Forbes China and Hong Kong rich list with a fortune worth US$33.3 billion.

That figure is certainly huge, although it grew by a relatively modest 7.4 percent from last year.

Jack Ma led the Chinese internet pack with a fortune worth an estimated US$22.7 billion, according to Forbes. That was enough to make him the fourth richest man in China and Hong Kong.

Second and third places on the list went to two other real estate magnates, Hong Kong’s Lee Shau-kee and the mainland’s Wang Jianlin.

But Ma’s fortune saw some of the biggest growth over the past year, more than doubling to its current level after the huge success of Alibaba’s New York listing in September last year.

Tencent’s Pony Ma was the second wealthiest Chinese internet magnate with an estimated fortune worth US$16.1 billion, enough to make him the sixth richest man in China and Hong Kong.

Like Jack Ma, who is no relation, Pony Ma saw his fortune more than double in the past year as Tencent’s stock soared on the huge success of its QQ and WeChat social networking platforms.

While Jack Ma and Pony Ma both galloped ahead at lightning speed, Baidu’s Robin Li made slower progress, making him a distant third behind the dynamic pair from Alibaba and Tencent.

Alibaba and Tencent both have market valuations of roughly US$200 billion against Baidu’s sizable but still much smaller US$75 billion.

Robin Li’s fortune came in at US$15.3 billion, making him the eighth wealthiest man on the list, but that figure was up a more modest 40 percent from last year. He was actually overtaken by both Jack Ma and Pony Ma during the year.

One other noteworthy tech magnate on this year’s list is Lei Jun, co-founder and chief executive of Xiaomi, the world’s third largest smartphone maker just five years after its founding.

Forbes pegged Lei’s fortune at US$13.2 billion, making him China’s 13th richest man.

That fortune comes not only from Xiaomi, which was valued at about US$10 billion at the start of this year, but also from his earlier investments in software maker Kingsoft (3888.HK) and its US-listed security software unit Cheetah Mobile (CMCM.US).

So, what kind of conclusions can we draw from all this, and where are these tech titans likely to be this time next year?

It’s no coincidence that the top three members of the overall list all made their fortunes in real estate as China’s and Hong Kong’s real estate markets have boomed over the last decade.

But that boom is showing growing signs of sputtering and we can probably expect to see the fortunes of Li Ka-shing and the other two stall or even start to fall as the market heads into a much-needed correction.

Internet stocks may also be ready for a pause due to their high valuations, although any corrections is likely to be less severe and shorter.

At the end of the day, there’s still huge growth potential for these companies as China opens up many traditional sectors such as banking and energy to private investment.

That should provide a steady stream of new opportunities for these tech giants. I would expect to see the fortunes of all of these internet magnates grow significantly faster than the broader market over the next year.

Bottom line: China’s big three internet tycoons are likely to see their fortunes continue to grow at rates far faster than the broader economy over the next year and they could even overtake some wealthier real estate magnates.

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A commentator on China company news and associate professor in the journalism department of Fudan University in Shanghai. Follow him on his blog at

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