Britain is opting out of a quota system for distributing asylum seekers to European Union countries.
The newly reelected Conservative government of David Cameron campaigned on a promise to curb immigration from the EU and hold a referendum by 2017 on quitting the bloc.
Brussels wants to distribute asylum-seekers more fairly around its member states and take in 20,000 more refugees, Reuters reported Thursday.
Shocked by thousands of deaths among people trying to reach Europe from North Africa across the Mediterranean, the EU is trying to put in place a fairer way to resettle asylum seekers at a time when anti-immigration parties are on the rise.
Italy and other southern European countries are clamoring for help to relieve the influx. Germany, Sweden, Austria and others are favored destinations for migrants who, once ashore, travel across the bloc’s open borders to claim asylum.
Those states have asked to spread those requests more evenly.
The European Commission stressed that it was proposing only a provisional emergency response to an accelerating movement that saw more than 600,000 people, many fleeing hunger and war in Africa and the Middle East, seek refuge in the EU last year.
But the proposal of mandatory quotas, based on states’ population and national income but also on unemployment levels and past acceptance of refugees, has put some governments on the defensive, notably Britain.
Even before the EU announced its plan, interior minister Theresa May wrote in a newspaper column that London would use its exemptions from EU migration laws to stay out of the system.
“Such an approach would only … encourage more people to put their lives at risk,” she wrote.
Frans Timmermans, the Dutch deputy head of the EU executive, who is expected to play a key role in negotiating with Cameron ahead of the British referendum, was visibly irritated by the suggestion that the Commission’s plan was counter-productive.
“I have the highest regard for British intelligence but I’m not sure Theresa May had read all the proposals we’ve made,” he told a news conference after presenting the plan.
He noted that it also included tightening border controls, working with African states to curb people smuggling networks, naval operations against trafficking vessels and doing more to ensure people were deported if their asylum claim was rejected.
“I wonder how anyone can maintain that this would make the situation worse,” Timmermans said.
Ireland also opted out but plans to take in as many refugees as the system would have allocated to it. Denmark, the third state enjoying exemptions, said it would follow its own policy.
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