18 February 2019
NATO foreign ministers gather at the group's headquarters in Brussels on Tuesday. Photo: Reuters
NATO foreign ministers gather at the group's headquarters in Brussels on Tuesday. Photo: Reuters

NATO allies act to strengthen Turkey air defenses

NATO allies plan to send patrol aircraft and missiles to strengthen Ankara’s air defenses on its border with Syria, officials said, following Turkey’s shooting-down of a Russian bomber.

As NATO countries seek to reassure Ankara over the fallout of Russia’s incursions into its air space, a decision by Germany and the United States to remove their Patriot missile batteries from Turkey left other allies to fill the gap, Reuters reported.

While the German and US steps were announced weeks ago, Russia’s surprise intervention in Syria’s civil war in September has galvanized NATO countries to offer additional help to Turkey’s air force.

Spain is now the only NATO nation with Patriots in Turkey.

“We must make full use of the capabilities we have to counter threats on NATO’s southern flank,” Lithuanian Foreign Minister Linas Linkevicius told Reuters in Brussels on Tuesday during meetings with other NATO foreign ministers, as offers of ships and aircraft began to trickle in from allies.

“We must support our ally Turkey,” he said.

Diplomats said measures are likely to include more ships from NATO members in the eastern Mediterranean, more NATO planes based in the Turkish base at Incirlik and more missile defense batteries in addition to that of Spain.

Foreign ministers said in a statement that the situation on Turkey’s border with Syria and Iraq was “highly unstable” and committed to increase Turkey’s air defenses, which they described as “assurance measures”.

“We remain determined … to continue developing additional NATO assurance measures and allies are working to prepare other possible contributions,” ministers said.

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said he expected a decision on a package “within weeks” but sought to portray the reinforcements as separate from Russia’s air incursions and called for Russia and Turkey to seek a solution to the tensions.

NATO deployed its Patriot surface-to-air missiles along the border in January 2013 to shoot down any missiles from Syria’s conflict fired into Turkish territory. Ankara had appealed to the alliance to maintain the defenses even before the flare-up of tensions with Russia over air space violations.

Turkey shot down a Russian bomber in its air space on Nov. 24, the first known incident of its kind since the Cold War and one that has deeply strained ties between Turkey and Russia.

Moscow, which denies violating Turkish air space, has responded to the incident by announcing it will deploy its advanced S-400 missile defense system that can hit missiles and aircraft up to 400 km (250 miles) away.

German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier called for NATO envoys to hold a special meeting with Russia. Such meetings were suspended by NATO foreign ministers in April last year after Russia annexed Ukraine’s Crimea peninsula.

So far, the United States has moved special fighter jets designed to intercept bombers and reconnaissance aircraft to the Turkish NATO air base Incirlik, while Britain has said it will also send jets to the region once NATO’s decision is formalized.

Germany and Denmark are sending ships to the NATO fleet in the eastern Mediterranean. NATO could also send its surveillance planes, called Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS), that can be used to direct air fights too.

Meanwhile, US President Barack Obama urged Turkey to reduce tensions with Moscow after the downing of a Russian warplane and to seal its border with Syria to choke off the supply of money and fighters to Islamic State militants.

Obama met Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan in Paris, where they were attending a climate summit, a week after Turkish jets shot down a Russian warplane along the Syrian border.

Obama stressed that US support for its NATO ally’s security remained steadfast.

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