US regulators paved the way for a lightning-fast next generation of wireless services in a move, making the United States the first country to set aside an ample amount of airwaves for so-called 5G wireless applications and networks.
The US Federal Communications Commission on Thursday voted unanimously to open nearly 11 gigahertz of high-frequency spectrum for mobile, flexible and fixed-use wireless broadband, Reuters reports.
Companies including Verizon Communications Inc. and AT&T Inc. are already moving closer to adopting 5G, the fifth generation of wireless technology.
New 5G networks are expected to provide speeds at least 10 times and maybe 100 times faster than today’s 4G networks, the FCC said.
Elsewhere, South Korea and Japan plan to deploy 5G by the time they host the Olympics, in 2018 and 2020, respectively.
The European Commission, South Korea, China and Japan are all working on 5G research efforts.
“This is a big day for our nation,” the news agency quoted FCC chairman Tom Wheeler as saying.
The agency’s action, Wheeler said, makes the US “the first country in the world to identify and open up vast amounts of high-frequency spectrum for 5G applications. The big game-changer is that we are using much higher-frequency bands than previously thought viable for flexible uses, including mobile”.
Verizon and AT&T have said they will begin deploying 5G trials next year, and the first commercial deployments at scale are expected in 2020, he added.
T Mobile US, a unit of Deutsche Telecom, and Sprint Corp. are also undertaking trials.
Wheeler said 5G will help more Americans access high-speed internet.
Policymakers and mobile phone companies have said the next generation of wireless signals needs to be much faster and far more responsive to allow advanced technologies like virtual surgery or controlling machines remotely.
5G technology could have a broad impact beyond things like speeding up movie downloads.
For example, it could improve road traffic by monitoring sensors in streetlights, roadside architecture and cars. It could even help detect air pollution using sensors in trees.
“There is seemingly no limit on how what we refer to as 5G could impact our everyday existence,” FCC commissioner Mignon Clyburn said.
“A refrigerator that not only alerts you to a near-empty egg carton, but automatically adds that item to a virtual shopping list, enabling a delivery to your door by week’s end, without any action from you.”
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