China’s two-child policy is showing “notable results” with the fertility rate expected to rise through to 2020, according to a senior health official.
Speaking to reporters on the sidelines of the National People’s Congress annual meeting, Wang Peian, vice-minister of the National Health and Family Planning Commission, said there were “notable results” in 2016, wit the largest annual number of newborn babies since 2000, Reuters reports.
Wang said 18.46 million live births were recorded last year, two million more than the average of the previous five years.
The total fertility rate also rose to 1.7 children per woman, compared with 1.5-1.6 between 2000 and 2015, he added.
China introduced its controversial “one-child policy” in the 1970s to limit population growth, but authorities are now concerned the country’s dwindling workforce will not be able to support an increasingly aging population.
In 2015, China said it would allow all married couples to have two children, to address those concerns.
Wang said the rising trend will continue through to 2020, during which the annual number of newborns is expected to range between 17 million and 19 million.
“We are very optimistic,” he added.
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