20 February 2019
Presidential candidate Moon Jae-in (center) greets supporters as he and his wife arrive at a polling station in Seoul on Tuesday. Photo: Reuters
Presidential candidate Moon Jae-in (center) greets supporters as he and his wife arrive at a polling station in Seoul on Tuesday. Photo: Reuters

South Koreans troop to polls to elect new leader

South Koreans are voting to elect a new leader on Tuesday, months after a corruption scandal brought down former President Park Geun-hye. 

Unless there is a major upset, liberal Moon Jae-in who calls for a moderate approach on North Korea, wants to reform powerful family-run conglomerates and boost fiscal spending to create jobs will be elected president, Reuters reports.

The vote will end months of leadership vacuum. Park was ousted on charges of bribery and abuse of power in March to become South Korea’s first democratically elected president to be forced from office.

Park is in jail, on trial. She has denied wrongdoing.

Moon, who lost to Park narrowly in the last presidential election in 2012, has criticized the two former conservative governments for failing to stop North Korea’s weapons development.

He advocates a two-track policy of dialogue while maintaining pressure and sanctions to encourage change.

A Gallup Korea poll published last Wednesday showed Moon with 38 percent support in a field of 13 candidates, with centrist Ahn Cheol-soo his nearest challenger with 20 percent.

A decisive win by Moon will provide much-needed stability and is expected to improve market sentiment at a time when robust exports have supported a recovery in Asia’s fourth-largest economy.

The winner is expected to be sworn in on Wednesday, after the Election Commission releases the official result.

The new leader is expected to quickly name a prime minister, who will need parliamentary approval, and main cabinet positions, including national security and finance ministers, which do not need parliamentary confirmation.

The election is being closely watched by allies and neighbors at a time of high tension over North Korea’s accelerating development of weapons since it conducted its fourth nuclear test in January last year.

It conducted a fifth test in September and is believed ready for another.

US President Donald Trump has vowed to stop North Korea developing a nuclear missile that can hit the United States.

North Korea would be keen to see a Moon victory. Its official Rodong Sinmun newspaper said in a commentary on Monday the time had come to put confrontation behind by ending conservative rule in the South.

“We as the same race should gather our strength to open a new era of independent reunification. To do so, the puppet conservative group’s move to remain in power should be definitely crushed,” it said.

The new president will also face the challenge of defusing tension with China, which is angry about South Korea’s decision to deploy a US anti-missile system that China sees as a threat.

One in every four voters cast ballots in early voting last week, and officials think higher participation by younger people could drive turnout to the highest in three decades.

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