China is diversifying its foreign exchange reserves in order to safeguard their value, the country’s currency regulator said, while dismissing a media report the government is halting or reducing its purchases of US debt, Reuters reports.
Bloomberg News reported on Wednesday that Chinese officials reviewing the country’s vast foreign exchange holdings had recommended slowing or halting purchases of US Treasury bonds amid a less attractive market for them and rising US-China trade tensions.
That spooked investors worried that sharp swings in China’s massive holdings of US Treasuries would trigger a selloff in bond and equity markets globally. The report sent US Treasury yields to 10-month highs and the dollar lower.
“The news could quote the wrong source of information, or may be fake news,” the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE) said in a statement published on its website on Thursday.
Bloomberg News did not immediately comment on the foreign exchange regulator’s statement.
The US 10-year Treasury yield edged down to 2.5366 percent from Wednesday’s close of 2.549 percent, while the dollar gained 0.3 percent to 111.72 yen after the regulator’s comment.
China has been diversifying its foreign currency reserves investments to help “safeguard the overall safety of foreign exchange assets and preserve and increase their value”, the SAFE said.
The forex reserves investment in US Treasury bonds is a market activity, with investment professionally managed according to market conditions and investment needs, it said.
The regulator added that forex reserves management agencies are responsible investors in international financial markets.
Economists say they expect China to continue to adjust its holdings of US government debt, considered to be the most liquid dollar assets, but few believe dumping US Treasuries is among policy choices to be considered by top leaders.
Trade tensions between China and the United States are expected to rise as President Donald Trump weighs potential trade actions against Beijing, including broad tariffs or quotas on steel and aluminum and an investigation into Chinese intellectual property misappropriation.
Chinese firms’ business deals with US companies – one involving Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. and another involving Huawei Technologies Co. – have also recently hit stumbling blocks over national security concerns.
“We’ve noticed recently that protectionist voices have been rising in the US,” China’s Ministry of Commerce spokesman Gao Feng said at a regular news briefing.
Dumping US debt holdings could roil financial markets and force the United States to scramble for funds, but analysts believe such a move by Beijing would risk starting a fire sale in which the value of its own portfolio would burn.
“Given our big Treasury holdings, sometimes we sell some and sometimes we buy some, changes will not be very big and there won’t be big impact on markets,” said Xu Hongcai, deputy chief economist at the China Centre for International Economic Exchanges, a Beijing think tank.
“We should have full confidence in the US Treasury debt market, its depth and capacity are very big,” he said.
The exact composition of China’s reserves is a state secret and the subject of intense scrutiny by global investors.
China’s foreign exchange reserves, the world’s largest, rose US$129.4 billion in 2017 to US$3.14 trillion, as tight regulations and a strong yuan continued to discourage capital outflows, data from China’s central bank showed.
That marked a turnaround after China burnt through nearly US$320 billion in 2016 to defend the yuan, which fell 6.5 percent against the surging dollar. The yuan gained around 6.8 percent versus the dollar last year.
China’s holding of US government debt – the world’s largest, climbed US$131 billion in the first 10 months of 2017 to US$1.19 trillion, data from the Treasury Department showed.
The debt holdings accounted for 38 percent of China’s total reserves, up from 35 percent at the end of 2016.
In 2016, China’s treasury holding tumbled US$187.7 billion when the country was briefly dethroned by Japan as the top holder of US government debt, as China’s central bank dipped into its reserve to defend the ailing yuan.
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