India’s ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) lost power in three key states on Tuesday, dealing Prime Minister Narendra Modi his biggest defeat since he took office in 2014 and boosting the opposition ahead of national polls next year, Reuters reports.
The results in the heartland rural states of Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh underscore rural dismay with the government and could help unite the opposition led by the Congress party, the report cited political analysts as saying.
Modi remains personally popular but has been criticized for failing to deliver jobs for young people and better conditions for farmers.
Reacting late on Tuesday to the results, Modi wrote on Twitter: “Victory and defeat are an integral part of life. Today’s results will further our resolve to serve people and work even harder for the development of India.”
The results came as a shot in the arm for Rahul Gandhi, president of the Congress, who is trying to forge a broad alliance with regional groups and present Modi with his most serious challenge yet in a general election that must be held by May.
Congress has ruled India for most of its post-independence era after 1947 but was decimated by Modi’s BJP in national polls in 2014. Since then, it had struggled to make major inroads, even in state polls.
Gandhi, the fourth generation scion of the Nehru-Gandhi dynasty, has sought to build a coalition of regional groups.
On Tuesday, celebrations erupted outside the Congress party headquarters in New Delhi, with supporters dancing, setting off firecrackers and brandishing posters praising Gandhi.
“We are going to provide the states with a vision and a government they can be proud of,” Gandhi told reporters.
“There is a feeling among people that the promises made by the prime minister … have not been fulfilled.”
In Chhattisgarh, Congress was ahead in 68 of the 90 seats at stake, with the BJP on 16, according to data from the Election Commission. In Rajasthan, the Congress was leading in 99 of the 199 seats contested, against 73 for the ruling BJP.
In Madhya Pradesh, the most important of the five states that have held assembly elections in recent weeks, Congress was leading with 113 seats while the BJP had 110 out of 230.
Congress said it is confident it can form governments in all three big states. The BJP previously ruled all three, for three terms in two of them.
Regional parties were leading in two smaller states that also voted, Telangana in the south and Mizoram in the northeast.
The Hindu nationalist BJP said the state results would not necessarily dictate what happens in next year’s general election.
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