The United States and three allies chastised China for economic espionage, Reuters reports.
US prosecutors also indicted two Chinese nationals linked to a spy agency on charges of stealing confidential data from American government agencies and businesses around the world, the news agency said.
China denied the accusations, insisting that China has never participated in or supported any stealing of commercial secrets.
Zhu Hua and Zhang Jianguo were charged with hacking the computer networks of the US Navy, the space agency NASA, the Energy Department and dozens of companies.
The operation targeted intellectual property and corporate secrets to give Chinese companies an unfair competitive advantage, they said.
Britain, Australia and New Zealand joined the US in slamming China over what they called a global campaign of cyber-enabled commercial intellectual property theft, signaling growing global coordination against the practice.
“No country poses a broader, more severe long-term threat to our nation’s economy and cyber infrastructure than China,” FBI Director Chris Wray said at a news conference on Thursday. “China’s goal, simply put, is to replace the US as the world’s leading superpower, and they’re using illegal methods to get there.”
Five sources familiar with the attacks told Reuters the hackers breached the networks of Hewlett Packard Enterprise Co. and IBM, then used the access to hack into their clients’ computers.
IBM said it had no evidence that sensitive data had been compromised. HPE said it could not comment.
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and other officials in President Donald Trump’s administration said China’s hacking effort, which US officials said began in 2006 and ran through 2018, violated a 2015 agreement intended to crack down on cyber espionage for commercial purposes.
Britain agreed. The campaign is “one of the most serious, strategically significant, persistent and potentially damaging set of cyber intrusions against the UK and our allies that we have seen,” a British security official said.
‘Who’s who’ of global economy
Victims included NASA’s Goddard Space Center and Jet Propulsion Laboratory, the Energy Department’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and companies involved in aviation, space and satellite technology, finance, electronics, healthcare, oil and gas exploration, according to court documents.
“The list of victim companies reads like a ‘Who’s Who’ of the global economy,” Wray said. He did not name the businesses.
Prosecutors charged the defendants, who they said worked with China’s Ministry of State Security intelligence agency, with conspiracy to commit computer intrusions, conspiracy to commit wire fraud and aggravated identity theft.
Zhu and Zhang were members of a hacking group known within the cyber security community as APT 10 and also worked for Tianjin-based Huaying Haitai Science and Technology Development Co, prosecutors said.
APT10 also stole personal data including Social Security numbers from more than 100,000 US Navy personnel, they said.
The hacking targets also include technology firms that provide outsourced email, storage and other computing tasks, according to court documents.
In Beijing, the Foreign Ministry said on Friday it is resolutely opposed to accusations of economic espionage.
The US should also withdraw charges against two Chinese citizens, the ministry said.
Series of hacking cases
The charges are the latest in a series of hacking cases brought by the US against Chinese nationals.
In October, the US government charged Chinese intelligence officers with stealing information on a turbo fan engine used in commercial jetliners.
The same month, the Justice Department arrested an alleged spy for China’s Ministry of State Security on charges of economic espionage and attempting to steal US aviation trade secrets.
In September, a Chinese national who had enlisted in the US Army Reserve was arrested in Chicago for allegedly working for Chinese intelligence to recruit engineers and scientists, including some who worked for US defense contractors.
Australian officials issued a statement expressing “serious concern” about Chinese commercial intellectual property theft.
An official in New Zealand said in a statement the country “joins like-minded partners in expressing that such cyber campaigns are unacceptable”.
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