EU suspends Boeing 737 MAX flights, but US regulator stands firm

March 13, 2019 07:42
An American Airlines Boeing 737 Max 8 comes in for landing at LaGuardia Airport in New York City on Tuesday. Photo: Reuters

The European Union’s aviation safety regulator suspended all flights in the bloc by Boeing’s 737 MAX, joining other nations in grounding the aircraft's operations following Sunday’s deadly plane crash in Ethiopia.

But the US aviation regulator said it will not ground the planes despite the crash that killed 157 people, the second since October involving that type of plane.

The Federal Aviation Administration’s acting administrator Dan Elwell said on Tuesday a review by the body “shows no systemic performance issues and provides no basis to order grounding the aircraft”.

Elwell said no foreign civil aviation authorities have provided data that would warrant action. If any safety issues are identified during an ongoing urgent review of the Ethiopian Airlines crash, the FAA will “take immediate and appropriate action”, he said.

Britain, Germany and France joined a wave of suspensions of the aircraft in the wake of the crash, and was swiftly followed by a similar decision by India, piling pressure on the United States to follow suit.

China, Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand and Mongolia were also among the countries that suspended the aircraft's operations.  

Of the top 10 countries by air passenger travel, all but the US and Japan have halted flights of the 737 MAX.

Boeing, the world’s biggest planemaker, which has seen billions of dollars wiped off its market value since the crash, said it understood the countries’ actions but retained “full confidence” in the 737 MAX and had safety as its priority.

It also said the FAA had not demanded any further action related to 737 MAX operations.

The three US airlines using the 737 MAX – Southwest Airlines Co., American Airlines Group Inc. and United Airlines – stood by the aircraft, although many potential passengers took to social media to express concerns, asking if they could change flights or cancel.

United Airlines’ union pilots said that they had found no mechanical deficiencies in the plane in more than 23,000 flying hours, a strong statement of support for the plane and United’s intentions to keep the jet flying.

The cause of Sunday’s crash, which followed another disaster with a 737 MAX five months ago in Indonesia that killed 189 people, remains unknown.

Design changes

On Monday, the FAA released details of a series of design changes and training requirements mandated from Boeing on the MAX fleet after the Indonesia crash.

There is no evidence yet whether the two crashes are linked. Plane experts say it is too early to speculate on the reason for the crash. Most are caused by a unique chain of human and technical factors.

In an unusual move, the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) said it was suspending all flights in the bloc of Boeing’s 737 MAX 8 and 9 jets.

“Based on all available information, EASA considers that further actions may be necessary to ensure the continued airworthiness of the two affected models,” it said in a statement.

However, it shied away from the even rarer step of pulling the safety certification for the plane itself, focusing instead on the softer process of restricting its use by airlines. The move leaves some leeway for the US FAA to decide its own approach.

Flight ET 302 came down in a field soon after takeoff from Addis Ababa, creating a fireball in a crater. It may take weeks or months to identify all the victims, who include a prize-winning author, a soccer official and a team of humanitarian workers.

Boeing shares fell 6.1 percent on Tuesday, bringing losses to 11.15 percent since the crash, the steepest two-day loss for the stock since July 2009. The drop has lopped US$26.65 billion off Boeing’s market value.

Senate hearing

US Senator Ted Cruz, a Republican who chairs the Senate subcommittee on aviation and space, said on Tuesday it would be “prudent” for the US “to temporarily ground 737 Max aircraft until the FAA confirms the safety of these aircraft and their passengers”.

Cruz said he intends to convene a hearing to investigate the crashes.

Two other senators, Republican Mitt Romney and Democrat Elizabeth Warren, called on the FAA to temporarily ground the 737 MAX.

US President Donald Trump also fretted over modern airplane design.

“Pilots are no longer needed, but rather computer scientists from MIT,” Trump tweeted, lamenting that product developers always sought to go an unnecessary step further when “old and simpler” was superior.

“I don’t know about you, but I don’t want Albert Einstein to be my pilot. I want great flying professionals that are allowed to easily and quickly take control of a plane!” he added.

He did not refer to Boeing or recent accidents, but his comments echoed an automation debate that partially lies at the center of a probe into October’s Lion Air crash in Indonesia. Investigators are examining the role of a software system designed to push the plane down, alongside airline training and repair standards.

Boeing says it plans to update the software in coming weeks.

Trump spoke to Boeing chief executive Dennis Muilenburg on Tuesday and received assurances that the aircraft was safe, two people briefed on the call said. Reuters

– Contact us at [email protected]