22 July 2018

An innovative way to recycle trash in Nigeria

In Lagos, Nigeria, the sights and smells of uncollected garbage are shocking. Piles of trash lay on streets, outside homes, around places of work and in areas where children play. Waste fills drainage areas and waterways that lead to the Atlantic Ocean, creating breeding grounds for diseases like malaria.

Cities around the world struggle with waste management. Lagos is one where the situation is particularly dire—an estimated two-thirds of the population live in slums, many without access to reliable trash collection, and recycling is minimal at best.

Now a four-year-old eco startup called Wecyclers is determined to make recycling a popular practice in Lagos and across the African continent by helping people to see trash as a valuable resource.

Wecyclers runs on teamwork, using an incentive-based program in the megacity’s low-income areas (where municipal services often don’t reach) and empowering local citizens to help solve Lagos’ waste problem.

It’s an “everyone wins” business model. A fleet of cyclists pedal custom-made cargo tricycles door to door every week, down narrow, unpaved streets where trucks can’t easily go, weighing and collecting recyclable waste from registered households. Members receive points for every kilogram of waste recycled, which they can exchange for goods.

“We help our subscribers save, using their waste for things they aspire to have. This could be a TV set, a sewing machine or even much-needed cash to fund a wedding,” said Wecyclers’ chief executive and founder, Bilikiss Adebiyi-Abiola.

Once Wecyclers collects the recyclable rubbish, the items are sorted, bagged and sold to recycling factories in Nigeria that use the material to make new products such as pillow stuffing.

Lagos is Africa’s most populous metropolitan area, with an estimated 21 million people. It generates more than 10,000 tons of waste daily, according to the city’s waste management authority, creating major health and environmental hazards in many communities. Currently only an estimated 40 percent of the city’s waste is collected and 13 percent is recycled.

Since 2012, Wecyclers has picked up 1,000 tons of household waste, signed up more than 11,000 households and created 103 jobs.

“The proof that Wecyclers is making a difference to me is the quantum of waste we collect daily,” said Adebiyi-Abiola. “Sometimes I stop and think about what would happen in those communities if we didn’t collect the waste.”

Born and raised in Lagos, Bilikiss Adebiyi-Abiola moved to the US at 17 to further her education. She came up with the concept for Wecyclers while pursuing an MBA at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in a class aimed at finding practical solutions to help the poorest people.

“In Nigeria, about 70 percent of the population lives at the base of the pyramid. This realization awoke a new consciousness in me,” she said.

In the beginning, Wecyclers received support from various MIT programs. Today the company gets funding and support from the Lagos state government, private companies such as DHL, Unilever and Oracle Corporation, and from foundations like Small World Foundation.

Recently, Eric-Vincent Guichard of Gravitas Capital offered to issue a Diaspora bond for Wecyclers, partially backed by USAID.

Wecyclers has received international recognition. It was a 2016 SXSW Eco Startup Showcase finalist, and at press time Adebiyi-Abiola was in the running for an All Africa Business Leader Award.

But the company still faces many challenges. Adebiyi-Abiola said it has yet to make a profit, though it is close.

“Right now we bear the full cost of waste collection. We need the government to make policies that would encourage producers to take responsibility for their waste.”

Despite the obstacles, she’s determined to expand operations and help change people’s attitudes toward waste.

“I think we are on to something when I see the new consciousness in the eyes of the people we serve,” Adebiyi-Abiola said. “They understand that waste has a value now and they are keen to collect income and improve their lives.”

This is the eleventh article in a 12-part series. Read more at

The Hong Kong Economic Journal and EJ Insight are among 20 global media organizations that participated in this year’s Solutions&Co, organized by Sparknews, an international social impact amplifier.

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Bilikiss Adebiyi-Abiola says a waste recycling program is making a lot of difference to local communities in Lagos.

A journalist at Sparknews

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