Smoking costs the global economy more than US$1 trillion a year, and will kill one third more people by 2030 than it does now, according to a new report released on Tuesday.
The World Health Organization and the US National Cancer Institute said in a study that the costs from smoking far outweigh global revenues from tobacco taxes, Reuters reports.
“The number of tobacco-related deaths is projected to increase from about 6 million deaths annually to about 8 million annually by 2030, with more than 80 percent of these occurring in LMICs (low- and middle-income countries),” the study said.
Around 80 percent of smokers live in such countries, and although smoking prevalence was falling among the global population, the total number of smokers worldwide is rising, it said.
Health experts say tobacco use is the single biggest preventable cause of death globally.
“It is responsible for… likely over $1 trillion in health care costs and lost productivity each year,” said the study, peer-reviewed by more than 70 scientific experts.
The economic costs are expected to continue to rise. Although governments have the tools to reduce tobacco use and associated deaths, most have fallen far short of using those tools effectively, WHO said in the report.
“Government fears that tobacco control will have an adverse economic impact are not justified by the evidence. The science is clear; the time for action is now.”
Cheap and effective policies include hiking tobacco taxes and prices, comprehensive smoke-free policies, complete bans on tobacco company marketing, and prominent pictorial warning labels.
Tobacco taxes could also be used to fund more expensive interventions such as anti-tobacco mass media campaigns and support for cessation services and treatments, it said.
Governments spent less than US$1 billion on tobacco control in 2013-2014, according to a WHO estimate.
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